Common Rabbit Ailments

As dedicated rabbit breeders and enthusiasts, we understand the importance of maintaining the health and well-being of our furry companions. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore common rabbit ailments and provide practical home treatments. While seeking veterinary care is always a priority, we recognize that being equipped with home treatment options can be beneficial in certain situations. Let’s delve into each ailment and discover how to provide effective care for our beloved rabbits.

Rabbit home remedies

Ear Mites

Description: Ear mites, known as Psoroptes cuniculi, are tiny parasites that infect a rabbit’s ears, leading to itching, head shaking, and potential ear damage.

Causes: Ear mites are highly contagious and can spread through direct contact with infected rabbits and their living environment.

Home Treatment: To treat ear mites at home, you can use mineral oil or olive oil to suffocate the mites. Administer one to two drops of the oil directly into your rabbit’s ear canal and massage the base gently. After a few minutes, remove the excess oil using a cotton ball or a soft tissue. Repeat this process every day for seven to ten days, and your rabbit’s ear mites should be gone.

Source: The British Rabbit Council – “Ear Mites in Rabbits”

Sore Hocks

Description: Sore hocks, medically known as pododermatitis, is a condition where the hock area becomes inflamed, leading to pain and discomfort for rabbits. Oftentimes, the fur is rubbed off of the hocks and the skin looks raw and red. 

Causes: Sore hocks can result from unsanitary living conditions, improper flooring, or excessive pressure on a rabbit’s feet.

Home Treatment: Begin by cleaning the affected area using a saline solution or an antibacterial wash. After cleaning, apply a layer of antibiotic ointment or petroleum jelly to soothe and protect the wound. Provide a soft, cushioned resting surface for your rabbit, such as fleece bedding, and ensure their living area is kept clean, dry, and free from irritants.

Source: House Rabbit Society – “Sore Hocks in Rabbits”

Respiratory Infections

Description: Respiratory infections can manifest as sneezing, nasal discharge, and labored breathing in rabbits, indicating an underlying health issue.

Causes: Factors such as poor ventilation, stress, or exposure to drafts can contribute to respiratory infections in rabbits.

Home Treatment: Maintaining a warm and dry living environment for your rabbit is crucial. Additionally, you can use a humidifier to moisten the air, which can help to soothe their respiratory tract. Administering steam therapy by placing your rabbit in a bathroom filled with steam for 10-15 minutes can also help to ease breathing difficulties. If home remedies do not work, your vet should be able to recommend medication.

Source: The Rabbit Welfare Association & Fund – “Respiratory Problems in Rabbits”

Rabbit ailments

E. Cuniculi

Description: E. cuniculi is a parasitic infection that affects a rabbit’s nervous system, leading to symptoms like head tilt, loss of coordination, and seizures.

Causes: E. cuniculi is typically transmitted through ingestion of contaminated food or water.

Home Treatment: Ensure your rabbit is in a comfortable and quiet living environment, avoiding stressors that can exacerbate the infection. Providing soft, palatable food and plenty of fresh water will support your rabbit’s overall well-being. Consult your vet for medication suggestions and treatment. 

Source: Blue Cross – “E. Cuniculi in Rabbits”


Description: Coccidiosis is a common intestinal disease caused by a parasite that can lead to diarrhea, dehydration, and weight loss in rabbits.

Causes: Rabbits may contract coccidiosis through ingestion of contaminated feces or bedding.

Home Treatment: Isolate your infected rabbit in a clean and dry environment. Offer plenty of fresh water and electrolytes to restore hydration. Administer supportive therapies like probiotics and digestive enzymes to support gut health and promote effective digestion.

Source: Mississippi State University Extension – “Coccidiosis in Rabbits – Diagnosis and Treatment”

GI Stasis

Description: Gastrointestinal (GI) stasis occurs when a rabbit’s digestive system slows or halts, causing symptoms like reduced stool production, lethargy, and lack of appetite.

Causes: Factors such as improper diet, stress, or lack of exercise can contribute to GI stasis in rabbits.

Home Treatment: Encourage gentle exercise to stimulate the digestive tract, offer constant access to hay, and administer supportive therapies like simethicone to reduce gas buildup. Increasing your rabbit’s food intake with critical care diets or small amounts of vegetable baby food can also aid in their recovery.

Source: The Rabbit House – “Gastric Stasis in Rabbits (GI Stasis)”

Ailment home remedies

Keeping Health Records

Maintaining health records for your rabbits is vital to their well-being and overall care. To streamline this process, we recommend using Everbreeds Health Tracker, a reliable app tailored for rabbit breeders and enthusiasts.

Maintaining health records for your rabbits is vital to their well-being and overall care. To streamline this process, you can use Everbreed’s Health Tracker. Accurate health records ensure timely and appropriate care for your rabbits and assist veterinarians in making informed decisions. 

Everbreed’s Health Tracker allows you to set treatment schedules and receive notifications on your mobile device when actions need to be taken. Each rabbit has its own individual profile where all of its information is stored. By utilizing the Health Tracker, you can confidently manage your rabbits’ health and ensure the success of your breeding program.


In conclusion, by familiarizing ourselves with common rabbit ailments and their respective home treatments, we can provide timely care to our rabbits when they need it most. While home treatments can be beneficial, it’s essential to seek veterinary care for a proper diagnosis and comprehensive treatment plan. Empowered with knowledge and compassion, rabbit breeders and enthusiasts can navigate the world of rabbit breeding confidently and ensure the well-being of their beloved companions.

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