Black Havana rabbit outdoors among autumn leaves.


The Havana rabbit breed, recognized for its rich color and friendly nature, is a well-regarded breed amongst rabbit enthusiasts. Ideal for both showing and companionship, Havana rabbits are small to medium-sized, making them suitable for various living situations as family pets. They make great pets for both experienced owners and first-time rabbit owners.

History & Breed Origin

The Havana rabbit breed’s history dates back to 1898 in Ingen, Holland. The breed’s origin is somewhat serendipitous, starting with a litter of Dutch rabbits born to a Dutch farmer in the Netherlands. One of these kits had an unusually rich, chocolate-colored coat and distinctive fire-eye, sparking interest among rabbit breeders. This rabbit became the foundation for what would eventually be recognized as the Havana breed.

By the early 20th century, Havana rabbits had gained popularity across Europe and made their way to England, France, Switzerland, and the United States. The breed was first shown in the U.S. in 1916 and was officially recognized by the American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA) soon after. Today, the Havana rabbit remains a favorite for its distinctive appearance and gentle temperament. In addition to ARBA, the Havana Rabbit Breeders Association (HRBA) is dedicated to promoting and preserving this charming breed.

Appearance and Size 

Characterized by a compact, rounded body, the Havana rabbit typically weighs between 4.5 to 6.5 pounds. Its short, flyback coat is dense and glossy, adding to the breed’s appealing appearance. This medium-sized breed is known for its well-balanced proportions and mink-like fur, earning it the nickname “mink of the rabbit family.”


While the Havana itself is a unique breed, it does not have different “types” in the traditional sense. However, the breed’s distinctive traits are represented consistently across individuals.

Color Varieties

The American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA) recognizes four color varieties of the Havana rabbit breed:

  • Chocolate
    • The original and most common variety, featuring a rich, deep brown coat. This chocolate color is highly sought after for its classic and appealing look.
  • Blue
    • A stunning bluish-gray color that adds a unique touch to the breed, making it a favorite among those looking for something different.
  • Black
    • A sleek and shiny black coat that enhances the rabbit’s elegant appearance. The Black Havana is particularly popular for its striking and sophisticated look.
  • Broken
    • A combination of white and any of the other recognized colors, providing a striking and unique pattern. The contrast between the colors makes this variety especially eye-catching.

Non-ARBA Recognized Color

  • Lilac
    • A rare and beautiful color variety with a soft, lavender-gray hue. While not recognized by ARBA, the Lilac Havana is still admired by many for its unique and gentle coloring.

These color types add to the breed’s charm and versatility.

Temperament and Personality 

Renowned for its docile and affectionate temperament, the Havana rabbit is sociable and enjoys interaction, making it an excellent pet rabbit. Its intelligence and amicable nature facilitate a positive environment for both pet owners and experienced breeders. Havana rabbits make great pets for families due to their friendly nature.

Care and Feeding 

Caring for a Havana rabbit requires a clean, safe environment and a balanced diet. Providing appropriately sized housing along with fresh food, water, and occasional treats contributes to a healthy lifestyle for your rabbit.

Diet and Nutritional Needs 

Havana rabbits thrive on a diet primarily composed of hay, supplemented with a portion of pelleted rabbit food and fresh vegetables, including leafy greens. Always ensure fresh water is available, typically provided via a water bottle, and introduce any new foods gradually to maintain digestive health. A proper diet is essential for the overall health and well-being of your Havana rabbit.

Exercise Requirements 

Regular exercise is paramount for the well-being of a Havana rabbit. Daily playtime in a secure area allows them to explore and hop freely, maintaining their physical health and mental stimulation.


Havana rabbits can adapt to both indoor and outdoor living conditions. Their housing should be spacious, predator-proof, and equipped with a comfortable rest area. Whether indoors or outdoors, the temperature should be regulated to avoid extremes. A well-constructed hutch can provide a safe and comfortable environment for your rabbit.


Their coat necessitates weekly brushing to remove loose fur and minimize shedding. During shedding seasons, more frequent grooming may be required.

Spaying and Neutering 

Spaying or neutering your Havana rabbit can prevent unwanted litters and mitigate health problems. Consult a veterinarian experienced in rabbit care for advice on the best time for this procedure.

Products we recommend to start with: (Chewy)

Health and Common Issues of Havana Rabbits

Havana rabbits are generally robust, but owners should be aware of common health issues like dental problems, ear mites, GI stasis, and flystrike. Regular vet check-ups are crucial for early detection and treatment.

  • Dental Issues: Ensure a diet high in hay to promote natural teeth wear.
  • Ear Mites: Regularly check ears and keep the habitat clean to prevent infestations.
  • GI Stasis: Monitor eating habits and fecal output to catch early signs.

Flystrike is a severe condition caused by flies laying eggs on soiled fur, leading to dangerous infections. Keep your rabbit’s living area clean and dry, and groom regularly to prevent this issue. By staying vigilant and maintaining proper care, you can ensure your Havana rabbit remains healthy and happy.

Breeding Havana Rabbits 

Breeding requires a comprehensive understanding of rabbit genetics and behavior. A Havana rabbit’s maturity, health, and temperament should be assessed before breeding to ensure the best chance of healthy offspring. Managing a rabbitry involves careful planning and consistent care.

Read our basic guide to rabbit breeding to get more familiar

How to Breed 

Mate your rabbits in a controlled, stress-free environment, and provide the doe with appropriate nesting materials as her due date approaches. Accurate record-keeping and monitoring through the breeding process are essential.

Black Havana rabbit resting on a white cloth.

How to Choose a Havana Rabbit 

When selecting a Havana rabbit, consider its health, personality, and pedigree. A rabbit that is active, alert, and sociable is likely a good choice.

What to Look for in a Breeder 

A reputable breeder should prioritize the health and temperament of their rabbits. They will offer transparency about the rabbit’s lineage, health records, and living conditions.

Questions to Ask the Breeder

When considering purchasing a Havana rabbit from a breeder, it’s important to ask a series of questions to ensure you are getting a healthy and well-cared-for pet. Here are key questions to ask, along with the reasoning behind each:

  • What is the rabbit’s health history?
    • To identify any past or present health issues and ensure the breeder maintains thorough health records.
  • Are the parents available for viewing?
    • Viewing the parents provides insight into the genetic background and overall health of the rabbit, ensuring the breeder maintains good care practices.
  • What is the rabbit’s diet and care routine?
    • Knowing the current diet and routine helps ensure a smooth transition and maintains the rabbit’s health, preventing digestive issues and stress.
  • Do you provide a health guarantee?
    • A health guarantee shows the breeder’s confidence in their rabbits’ health and offers peace of mind, potentially covering initial veterinary costs if health issues arise.

Read more on what to do when you get a new rabbit

Bringing Home Your Havana Rabbit 

Establish a safe, welcoming space for your new rabbit before arrival. The transition will be smoother if you provide familiar items from the breeder, such as toys or a blanket.

Preparing the Home 

Ensure that the home is rabbit-proofed to prevent chewing on dangerous items. Set up the housing area with all the essentials, such as a litter box, food dishes, and a sleeping area.

Introducing the New Rabbit 

Introduce your Havana rabbit to its new environment gradually. Allow it to explore and adjust to the new sights, sounds, and smells at its pace.

Bonding with Your Rabbit 

Establish trust with gentle handling and consistent interaction. Offering treats, including leafy greens, can be an excellent way to build a bond with your Havana rabbit.

Products we recommend to start with: (Chewy & Amazon)

Training and Handling Havana Rabbits 

Havana rabbits are amenable to training, which includes litter training, potty training, and basic commands. Positive reinforcement and patience are the keys to successful training.

Litter Training 

Start by placing a litter box in the corner of the enclosure where your rabbit most frequently urinates. Encourage use with a favorable substrate and reward successful attempts.

Teaching Tricks 

With consistent practice and rewards, Havana rabbits can learn tricks such as fetching or jumping through hoops. Training sessions should be kept short and enjoyable.

Nail Trimming 

Regular nail trims are necessary to prevent overgrowth and discomfort. If unsure about the proper technique, seek guidance from a veterinarian or experienced breeder.

Read our short article on how to properly trim your rabbit’s nails

Showing Havana Rabbits 

If showing interests you, ensure your Havana rabbit meets the breed standards set by the American Rabbit Breeders Association and practice handling to prepare for the show environment.


 With proper care, Havana rabbits typically have a lifespan of 5 to 8 years, although some may live longer with excellent care and a healthy environment.

Health and Hygiene 

Maintain a clean living environment by regularly cleaning the cage and litter box. Monitor your rabbit’s droppings to ensure they are healthy, as changes can indicate health issues.

Frequently Asked Questions

Provide unlimited hay and schedule daily feeding times for pelleted food and vegetables.

With proper care, Havana rabbits can live 7 to 10 years.

They can coexist with other pets if introduced carefully and if the other pets are not predatory.

The ideal weight is around 4.5 to 6.5 pounds, but consult with a vet for the best guidance specific to your rabbit.


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