Welcome to the ultimate guide to mini lop rabbits! Whether you’re a seasoned breeder or a rabbit enthusiast, this comprehensive article will provide you with the essential information you need to know about caring for and breeding these delightful creatures. From their history and breed origin to their temperament and specific care needs, we’ll cover it all. So let’s dive in and explore the fascinating world of mini lop rabbits!

The Mini Lop holds recognition from the American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA). Not to be confused with the Miniature Lop breed acknowledged by the British Rabbit Council (BRC). Adding to the confusion, the Miniature Lop (UK) is occasionally referred to as the “Mini Lop” in the UK. The Mini Lop (US) also stands apart from the Dwarf Lop breed, recognized solely by the BRC but not by ARBA. Sharing similarities with various small rabbit breeds, including the Dwarf rabbit, the Mini Lop maintains its unique characteristics within the rabbit breeding community. With all that confusion aside, lets dive into history of Mini Lop rabbits.

History & Breed Origin

Bob Herschbach discovered the Mini Lop breed at a German National Rabbit Show in Essen, Germany in 1972, where it was known as a Klein Widder. Originating from the German Big Lop and the small Chinchilla breeds, the initial Mini Lops appeared in Agouti and white colors.

German lops, with a body weight of about 8 pounds (3.6 kg), possessed a slender, large build, and thick ears. As a fervent promoter of Mini Lops, Herschbach successfully initiated his rabbit breeding in the United States by crossing an agouti lop pair with a white female lop in 1972. This yielded solid-colored offspring initially and broken colors in the second generation, thus establishing high breeding standards for Mini Lops.

In 1974, Herschbach introduced his Mini Lop rabbits at a ARBA convention in Ventura, California, prompting the need to downsize the breed for a more compact and appealing appearance. Collaborating with fellow breeders, Herschbach facilitated further breeding of Mini Lops, culminating in renaming the breed from Klein Widder to “Mini Lop” for enhanced public appeal.

By 1977, the Mini Lop breed had new sponsorship under Herb Dyke’s leadership. In 1978, Herschbach and Dyke established a correspondence club for Mini Lops, rapidly gaining over 500 members within a year, who voiced their support to the ARBA. In 1980, at the National Rabbit Convention in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the breed attained official recognition by the ARBA, marking a significant milestone in the path to Mini Lop rabbit popularity today.

Appearance and Size

Mini lop rabbits are beloved for their distinctive features, including their compact and muscular bodies adorned with those irresistibly floppy ears! These charming creatures typically body weigh is between 4.5 to 6.5 lbs. and have small, rounded frames that exude cuteness from every angle. With their compactness and unique ear structure, mini lop rabbits truly stand out amongst other breeds.


Mini lop rabbits come in a variety of types, each with its own unique color and pattern. From solid colors like black, white, gray, and chocolate, to broken patterns which combine two or more colors, mini lop rabbits offer a huge array of choices for breeders and enthusiasts.

Here’s a list of some of the ARBA recognized colors for the Mini Lop:

Agouti: This coloration typically features bands of color on each hair shaft, resulting in a ticked appearance. The agouti pattern is commonly seen in wild rabbits.

Chinchilla: Chinchilla Mini Lops display a silver-tipped appearance, resembling the fur of chinchilla rodents. The coloration is characterized by a light base color with darker tipping.

Shaded: Shaded Mini Lops exhibit a gradual shift in color intensity from the back to the belly, creating a shaded effect. This pattern resembles the shading seen in some wild rabbit species.

Self: Self-colored Mini Lops have a uniform coloration across their entire body without any distinct patterns or markings. Common self colors include black, blue, chocolate, and lilac.

Broken: Broken Mini Lops feature a solid base color with patches of white distributed throughout the body. The broken pattern can vary in distribution and size of white patches.

Pointed White: Pointed White Mini Lops have a white body with darker points on the ears, nose, feet, and tail. The points can be black, blue, chocolate, or lilac.

Wide Band: Wide Band Mini Lops exhibit a distinct wide band of color on each hair shaft, resulting in a bold and eye-catching appearance. This coloration is typically seen in varieties such as orange and cream.

Temperament and Personality

One of the most endearing qualities of mini lop rabbits is their friendly and social temperament. These rabbits are known for their affectionate and sociable nature, making them the perfect companions for individuals and families alike. Mini lop rabbits love to interact and play, bringing boundless joy and amusement to their human counterparts. They form strong bonds with their owners and thrive on human attention. Keeping your Mini Lop entertained with toys, play tunnels, and interactions will ensure they have a happy life.

Care and Feeding

Providing proper care and nutrition is essential for the well-being of your mini lop rabbit. A balanced diet consisting of high-quality hay, fresh vegetables, and limited pelleted rabbit food is crucial. Mini lop rabbits have specific dietary requirements to ensure their optimal health. Hay should make up the majority of their diet, providing essential fiber for digestion. Fresh vegetables such as leafy greens, carrots, and bell peppers should be offered in moderation for added nutrients. Pelleted rabbit food can be provided in small amounts as a supplement, but it should not be the primary source of nutrition. Always keep water readily available to keep your rabbit hydrated and healthy.

Everything you need to know to feed your rabbit properly!

Products we recommend to start with: (Chewy)

Exercise Requirements

Mini lop rabbits benefit from regular exercise to maintain their physical and mental well-being. These active rabbits need ample space to hop, run, and explore. Providing them with sufficient space to exercise is essential, whether it’s a securely fenced outdoor area or a rabbit-proofed indoor space. Interactive toys and tunnels can also keep them engaged and entertained. Supervised playtime outside of their enclosure is highly recommended, as it provides them with new experiences and enrichment.


Creating a safe and secure living space for your mini lop rabbit is essential. A spacious cage or hutch with plenty of room for hopping and stretching is ideal. Compared to other rabbits, Mini Lops need about 12 square feet (1.3 square meters) if being kept indoors. Avoid wire-bottom cages to prevent their delicate feet from getting injured. Provide a solid floor or a proper resting mat for comfort. Soft bedding material, such as hay or paper-based bedding, can be added for warmth and cleanliness. Regularly clean the enclosure to maintain a healthy living environment for your rabbit.


Regular grooming sessions are important for keeping your mini lop rabbit healthy. Brushing their fur at least once a week helps prevent matting and removes loose hair. Mini lop rabbits have dense fur, so paying attention to their grooming needs is essential. Trimming their nails regularly is also important, as overgrown nails can cause discomfort or even injury. Finally, check their ears regularly for any signs of infection or mites. Grooming not only helps maintain their appearance but also strengthens the bond between you and your rabbit.

Nail Trimming

Regular nail trimming is necessary to prevent overgrowth and potential injuries. Use proper nail clippers designed for rabbits and trim the nails delicately. Be patient and provide treats or gentle praise to make the experience more comfortable and stress-free for your mini lop rabbit.

Read our short article on how to properly trim your rabbit’s nails

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Health and Common Issues

While mini lop rabbits are generally robust and healthy, they can be prone to certain health issues. Dental problems, such as malocclusion (misaligned teeth) and overgrown teeth, can occur and may require veterinary attention. Gastrointestinal stasis, a condition characterized by a slowdown or stoppage of the digestive system, is another common concern in rabbits. It’s crucial to provide a high-fiber diet and ample exercise to help prevent this issue. Ear infections, often caused by mites or bacteria, can also occur in lop-eared rabbits due to the shape of their ears. Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and attentive care will help keep your mini lop rabbit in optimal health. It’s important to monitor your rabbit closely and seek veterinary assistance if you notice any changes in their behavior, appetite, or overall well-being.

Spaying and Neutering

Spaying and neutering your mini lop rabbit is recommended for their overall health and well-being. It helps prevent certain reproductive issues, reduces the risk of certain cancers, and can contribute to a calmer and more manageable pet. Female rabbits, or does, should be spayed to prevent uterine cancer and unwanted pregnancies. Male rabbits, or bucks, should be neutered to reduce aggressive behavior and prevent testicular cancer. Consult with your veterinarian to schedule the surgery at the appropriate age, typically around 4-6 months old.

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Breeding Mini Lop Rabbits

Breeding mini lop rabbits is an exciting and rewarding venture. However, it should be approached with careful consideration and responsibility. Before embarking on a breeding program, it’s essential to have a thorough understanding of genetics, health, and well-being. Familiarize yourself with rabbit breeding practices and seek guidance from experienced breeders. Education and preparation are crucial to ensure the well-being of both the rabbits and the success of your breeding program.

How to Breed (Broad Overview)

Breeding mini lop rabbits requires careful planning and consideration. Ensure both the buck (male rabbit) and doe (female rabbit) are in good health and of suitable breeding age. Typically, rabbits can start breeding around 6 months old, but it’s important to consult with your veterinarian to determine the optimal age. Introduce the rabbits gradually and observe their interactions. Provide a clean and comfortable breeding environment that is stress-free for both rabbits. Once mating occurs, remove the buck from the doe’s enclosure to prevent any potential harm to the pregnancy. If possible, consult with experienced breeders or veterinarians for guidance and support throughout the breeding process.

Read our basic guide to breeding to get more familiar

How to Choose a Mini Lop Rabbit

When selecting a mini lop rabbit for breeding purposes, it’s important to choose individuals with strong conformation, good health, and a pleasant temperament. Look for rabbits that have the desired characteristics and traits, such as a compact, well-rounded body and distinct lop ears. Conduct thorough research and seek guidance from experienced breeders to determine suitable candidates for mating. Consider the rabbits’ lineage, health history, and temperament to ensure the best possible outcome for your breeding program.

What to Look for in a Breeder

When seeking a reputable breeder, it’s crucial to choose someone who prioritizes the welfare and health of their rabbits. A responsible breeder will be transparent about their breeding practices, provide information on the lineage and health history of their rabbits, and answer any questions you may have. Visit the breeder’s facility if possible to observe the rabbits’ living conditions and ensure they’re well cared for. A good breeder will also offer ongoing support and guidance as you develop your own breeding program.

Questions to Ask the Breeder

Asking pertinent questions when communicating with a breeder is crucial to obtaining the necessary information. Some key inquiries may include the breeder’s breeding goals, health testing practices, and socialization techniques. Inquire about the rabbits’ diets, living conditions, and any potential health issues within their bloodlines. Establishing a good rapport with the breeder and ensuring their commitment to their rabbits’ well-being are important factors to consider.

Bringing Home Your Pet Mini Lop Rabbit

Preparing your home for a mini lop rabbit is an important step before bringing them home. Ensure you have a safe and secure living environment ready for the rabbit’s arrival. Rabbit-proof your home by removing any potential

Introducing the New Rabbit

When introducing your mini lop rabbit to their new home, take it slow and allow them to explore their surroundings at their own pace. Offer plenty of love and reassurance during this transition period. Patience and gentle encouragement will help your mini lop rabbit feel secure and welcomed.

Bonding with Your Rabbit

Building a strong bond with your mini lop rabbit is a delightful and rewarding experience. Spend quality time together, engage in gentle interactions, and provide enrichment opportunities to strengthen the bond between you and your rabbit. Patience, love, and understanding are key ingredients for a lasting and profound connection.

Training and Handling Mini Lop Rabbits

Mini lop rabbits are intelligent creatures and can be trained and handled with patience and positive reinforcement. Litter training, teaching simple tricks, and nail trimming are important aspects of training. Create a bond of trust and respect with your mini lop rabbit throughout the training process.

Litter Training

Litter training your mini lop rabbit can make your life easier and keep their living space clean. Provide a litter box filled with appropriate litter material. Use positive reinforcement, consistent cues, and patience to encourage your rabbit to use the litter box consistently.

Teaching Tricks

Mini lop rabbits are capable of learning simple tricks and commands through positive reinforcement training. Use their favorite treats as rewards to motivate and encourage them during training sessions. Always keep the training sessions short and enjoyable for your rabbit.

Frequently Asked Questions

Mini lop rabbits can make wonderful pets for children under proper adult supervision. It’s crucial to educate children about responsible rabbit care and handling.

Mini lop rabbits benefit from daily supervised exercise, whether it’s in a secure outdoor space or a rabbit-proofed indoor area.

Dental issues, gastrointestinal stasis, and ear infections are among the common health concerns in mini lop rabbits. Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial for early detection and management.

Mini lop rabbits are social animals and can benefit from the companionship of another compatible rabbit. Introducing them properly is key to successful bonding.

Citations and Further References

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