What to Feed Meat Rabbits

Raising meat rabbits involves careful attention to their dietary needs, as what you feed meat rabbits directly impacts their growth, health, and meat quality. Providing the right combination of nutrients and ensuring a balanced diet is essential for optimal results. In this article, we’ll delve into the key considerations for what to feed meat rabbits, emphasizing their nutritional requirements and overall well-being.

Components of a meat rabbit's diet

Components of a Meat Rabbit’s Diet

Rabbit diets can be simple or very complicated. Figuring out what works best for you and your rabbits will be a bit of a journey. Luckily, there are many options so you can find the perfect fit. 

Pelleted Feeds: Key Nutrients for Meat Rabbits’ Growth

Addressing the question of what to feed meat rabbits is incomplete without mentioning pelleted feeds. Commercial rabbit pellets are specifically formulated to provide a well-rounded nutritional profile. These pellets are designed to meet the specific needs of meat rabbits, containing essential vitamins, minerals, and protein. Look for pellets with around 18-20% fiber content and 16-18% protein content. Balancing these nutrients ensures proper growth and development.

Hay: A Foundational Element of What to Feed Meat Rabbits

When it comes to feeding meat rabbits, hay stands out as a foundational component. High-fiber hays such as timothy, orchard grass, and alfalfa can form a significant portion of their diet. Hay not only aids in maintaining healthy digestion but also helps prevent issues like gastrointestinal stasis and obesity. Some breeders choose to feed no hay at all while others keep it available to all rabbits at all times. Hay is a very useful tool in nest boxes to help the kits learn how to eat.

Fresh Vegetables: Enhancing Nutritional Diversity

Diversifying what to feed meat rabbits involves incorporating fresh vegetables into their diet. Leafy greens like kale, spinach, and romaine lettuce offer vital vitamins and minerals and are fairly easy to grow in pots. Introduce new vegetables gradually to prevent digestive disturbances. While these vegetables contribute to a well-rounded diet, they should not overshadow the importance of hay and pellets. You may find many kitchen scraps you can feed to your rabbits rather than tossing or composting. 

Providing Fresh Water: Vital for Meat Rabbits’ Health

An often underestimated aspect of raising meat rabbits is access to clean and fresh water. Water is essential for digestion, nutrient absorption, and overall hydration. Ensuring a constant supply of clean water through drip-style or gravity-fed water systems is imperative. Bowls can also be used if they are refilled and cleaned often. Remember, water intake directly affects rabbits’ well-being and productivity.

Controlled Grains and Seeds: A Supplemental Addition

When contemplating what to feed meat rabbits, controlled inclusion of grains and seeds can provide supplementary energy. While meat rabbits are primarily herbivores, small amounts of oats, barley, and sunflower seeds can diversify their diet. However, it’s important to use these components sparingly, as their digestive systems are optimized for fibrous plant material. It is common to add oats and black oil sunflower seeds(BOSS)  to a pregnant or nursing doe’s feed to increase energy. 

Being Mindful of Harmful Foods

Being Mindful of Harmful Foods: Exclusions from Meat Rabbits’ Diet

Understanding what not to feed meat rabbits is equally crucial. Toxic foods such as chocolate, caffeine, sugary treats, and high-calcium vegetables should be strictly avoided. Additionally, foods treated with pesticides or chemicals pose risks. High-starch and high-sugar items like bread and cookies have no place in a rabbit’s diet, as they can lead to digestive disorders. Rabbits have delicate digestive systems and it is important to remember this. 

Continuous Monitoring and Adaptation

Continuous Monitoring and Adaptation: Tailoring the Diet

What to feed meat rabbits isn’t a static concept; it requires ongoing monitoring and adaptation. Regularly assess rabbits’ weight, body condition, and overall health. Adjust their diet based on growth rates and activity levels. Striking a balance is essential; overfeeding can lead to obesity which hinders breeding ability, while underfeeding hampers growth and meat quality. Different breeds, genetic lines, and even individuals can have varying needs in terms of nutrition. Finding what works best for your rabbits will improve their efficiency and productivity. 

What to Feed Meat Rabbits - Conclusion


In conclusion, understanding what to feed meat rabbits is a multifaceted endeavor that hinges on providing a balanced diet. From the significance of commercial pellets to the inclusion of hay and fresh vegetables, each aspect contributes to rabbits’ well-being and productivity. It’s imperative to remain vigilant, avoiding harmful foods and continually fine-tuning their diet. By embodying a comprehensive approach to feeding, you set the stage for healthy, thriving, and high-quality meat-producing rabbits.

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